From 2020 to 2021, 24 of Mexico’s 32 states had fallen in its Index of Social Progress (IPS), an indicator that measures aspects such as people’s ability to meet basic needsAccess to quality information, health or environmental, and opportunities for educational and professional development.
The most recent edition of IPS, prepared and presented this Wednesday Org Mexico, how are we doing?warned that the five states with the biggest declines were in the center and south of the country: Campeche, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla and Veracruz.
Mexico, how are we doing? The case of Veracruz stands out, where the decline in one year was 4.2 points, from 56.6 to 52.4.
The organization’s director, Sofia Ramirez, cautioned that the numbers reflect the structural gaps of Southern institutions.
“They’re always at the bottom of the list,” he said during the presentation.
In contrast, IPS improved in seven states from different regions: Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Mexico City, San Luis Potosí, Tlaxcala, Tabasco, and Chihuahua. Coahuila was left with the same score it had in 2020, ie 67.8.
Mexico, how are we doing? It has been preparing the IPS since 2015 to measure people’s well-being and serve as a complement to economic indicators.
Read: Mexico beyond GDP, the slowdown of social progress
The IPS series shows that it peaked in 2018 and then started declining. From 2018 to 2019, the index dropped 16 units; The decline from 2019 to 2020 was in 24 states, the same figure that was recorded from 2020 to 2021.
At the national level, the IPS 2021 closed at 63 points. The entity with the best score was Mexico City, with 73.1, and the worst, Oaxaca, with 46.9.
This is what the losses of social progress in recent years look like. We have seen losses since 2018, and overall, a total of 30 organizations lost points in their Social Progress Index from 2018 to 2021.
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In the interview at the end of the presentation, Ramirez warned that economic indicators such as better spending on health and education or inflation, especially in basic basket products, could affect the level of social progress achieved by the end of 2022 and into 2023.
“In the context of inflation, it is very important that the government recognizes that, Pacific or not Pacific, it is not serving the objectives for which it should have been, which is to reduce the cost of the basic basket,” he said , in relation to the program against inflation and famine of the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
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How are we doing, to reduce social gaps within and between states, Mexico? It proposes measures such as increasing health personnel, opportunities for access to education, and coordination among institutions to design policies that help address common problems.